Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological disorder which destroys the crucial mental functioning and memory. In this condition all the brain cells get destroyed and as a result it causes cognitive decline and memory loss. At times, person with Alzheimer’s disease would experience mild confusion and difficulty in recalling. They may also forget things faster and undergo a dramatic personality disorder or charge. It is considered to be the common cause of a condition called dementia which is a group of brain disorders that causes loss of social skills and intellectual. There are medical treatments available to alleviate the symptoms of this disease and improve the conditions. The management strategies and medications can also help people to improvise the functioning and maintain independence.
What Are the Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease?
As mentioned, initially the person with this disease would experience forgetfulness and mild confusion. Over time the condition may also make lead to memory loss and the rate on which the symptoms worsen vary from person to person. Patients with this disease may experience the following symptoms.
- Memory Loss
- Reduced ability to recall things
- Impairments in reasoning
- Impaired visuospatial abilities
- Impaired speaking
- Changes in behavior and personality
Causes of Alzheimer’s disease
According to experts, It is caused by a combination of lifestyle, genetic and environment factors which affect the brain cells over time. In some cases, it is noticed that the condition is mainly caused due to specific genetic changes which guarantee that the person would experience the disease later in life.
However, the prime cause of this disease is still not known, but its effects are disclosed and it mainly hampers he functions of brain and leads to cognitive decline. It damages and kills the brain cells and hence this destroys the connections amongst the remaining cells in brain for healthy functioning. When more and more brain cells die it leads to significant brain shrinkage.
Prevention of Alzheimer’s disease
Currently, there are no preventions available to prevent the condition of it. Research is going on to find the prevention strategies which can lower the chance of developing Alzheimer’s in people. There are management strategies and medications available which lowers the risk of Alzheimer’s disease by decreasing the risk of heart disease.
Stages of Alzheimer’s disease
The progression of Alzheimer’s disease is classified into three main stages which include:
- Preclinical Stage – This is the stage that occur before the symptoms are revealed or diagnosed
- Mild Cognitive Impairment – This is the stage where the symptoms are mild
- Dementia – This is the final stage of the condition where the person experience total impairment and decline in cognition.
Treatment of Alzheimer’s disease
There are drugs and management strategies available which can help reduce the memory symptoms and improve other cognitive changes. Cholinesterase inhibitors and mematime are the drugs that are mainly prescribed to patients that are struggling with Alzheimer’s disease and these drugs alleviates the symptoms of the condition and improves healthy functioning of the brain.